Books, periodicals, websites and other sources I`ve used in developing this site and writing my historical fiction book.


Allen, Paul, History of the Expedition Under the Command of Captains Lewis and Clark, to the Sources of the Missouri . . .1804-06, Volumes 1 and 2, 1814, New York.

Anderson, Dorothy S., John Jacob Astor Boy Trader,Indianapolis andNew York, 1961.

Arima, Eugene Yuji, The West Coast (Nootka) People,B.C.ProvincialMuseum, 1983.

Bathe, B.W., De Cervin, G. B. Rbin, Taillemite, E., The Great Age of Sail, Lausanne,Switzerland, 1967.

Benson, Brian, Ships,London, 1971.

Boit, John, Voyage of the Columbia Around the World, 1790-1793. Portland. 1960.

Bolen, Robert D., American Indian Tribes of Idaho, Fort Boise, Idaho, 2009.

Bown, Stephen R., Madness, Betrayal and the Lash, the Epic Voyage of Captain George Vancouver, Vancouver, 2008.

Boyer, Carl, 3rd, Ship Passenger Lists New York and New Jersey 1600-1825, Westminster, Maryland, 1978.

Brady, Cyrus Townsend, Northwestern Fights and Fighters, Lincoln, 1907.

Brooks, Noah, First Across the Continent, The Story of the Exploring Expedition of Lewis and Clark in 1804-5-6, Project Gutenberg, 2006.

Brown, Dee, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee,New York,Chicago,San Francisco, 1970.

Bunker, JohnG.Harbor & Haven, an Illustrated History of the Port of New York, Woodland Hills, 1979.

Chapell, Howard I., The Baltimore Clipper, Its Origin and Development, New York, 1988.

Chapell, Howard I., The History of American Sailing Ships,New York, 1935.

Chapelle, Howard I., The History of the American Sailing Navy: The Ships and Their Development, New York, 1949.

Chapell, Howard I., The Search for Speed Under Sail 1700-1855,New York, 1967.

Clark, Ella E., Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest, Berkley, 1953.

Cleland, Robert Glass, This Reckless Breed of Men, The Trappers and Fur Traders of the Southwest, 1950,New York.

Clutesi, George, Potlatch, Sidney, B.C., 1969.

Coker, P.C., Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, III, 1987  

Collins, James, Life in Old Dublin, Dublin, 1913.

Cox, Ross, The Columbia River, Oklahoma, 1957.

Crowse, Converse D., Shipowning and Shipbuilding in Colonial South Carolina: An Overview. 1984.

Curtis, Edward S., Indian Days of Long Ago, Yonkers-on-Hudson, New York, 1915.

Cutler, Carl C., Greyhounds of the Sea, the Story of the American Clipper Ship, Annapolis, 1930.

Cutler, Carl C., Queens of the Western Ocean, Annapolis, 1961.

Dana, Richard Henry Jr., Two Years Before the Mast, New York, 1946.

D’Alton, Rev. E.A., History of Ireland, From the Earliest times to the Present Day, London, 1910.

Dobson, David, Ships From Scotland to America 1628-1828, Baltimore, 1998.

Downing, Alfred, The Region of the Upper Columbia and How I saw It, 1881,Vancouver,WA. and Fairfield, Wash., 1987.

Duff, Wilson, The Indian History of British Columbia, Vol. I, The Impact of the White Man, Victoria, 1964.

Dunmore, James, Who`s Who in Pacific Navigation, Honolulu, 1991.

Eckenrode, J. William, The Sailing Ships of New England, 1607-1907, Westminster, MD., 1953.

Edmonds, Walter D., Drums Along the Mohawk, 1936,Boston.

Efrat, Barbara S. editor, The Victoria Conference on Northwestern Languages, Nov. 4-5, 1976, B.C. Provincial Museum, 1979.

Faragher, John Mack, A Great and Noble Scheme, The Tragic Story of the Expulsion of the French Acadians from Their American Homeland, New York, 2005.

Franchere, Gabriel, Narrative of a Voyage to Northwest Coast of America, New York, 1854.

Gilbert, J. T., History of the City of Dublin,Dublin, 1851.

Goss, Robert V., From Sail to Trail Chronicling Yellowstone’s E. S. Topping,Yellowstone, 2008.

Gough, Barry, Fortunes a River, The Collision of Empires in Northwest America,MadieraPark, B.C., 2007.

Gough, Barry M., The Royal Navy and the Northwest Coast of North America 1810-1914,  1971, Vancouver, B.C.

GreenwoodPress, Science in Everyday Life in America Vol. 2,Westport,CT., 2002.

Griffiths, David W. Tonquin, The Ghost Ship of Clayoquot Sound, Tofino, B.C., 2007.

Hackman, Rowan, Ships of the East India Company,Gravesend,U.K., 2001.

Hayes, Derek, Historical Atlas of British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest, Vancouver, 1999.

Holland, Leandra Zim, Feasting and Fasting with Lewis & Clark, A Food and Social History of the Early 1800s, Emigrant, Montana, 2003.

Hoover, Alan L. (editor) Nuu-chah-nulth Voices, Histories, Objects & Journeys, Royal B.C. Museum, 2000.

Horsfield, Margaret, Voices from the Sound, Chronicles of Clayoquot Sound and Tofino 1899-1929, Nanaimo, 2008.

Howay, Fredric William and Pierce, Richard Austin, A List of Trading Vessels in the Maritime Fur Trade 1785-1825, Limestone Press, Kingston, Ont., 1973.

Hunn, Eugene S., Nch’i-Wa̓na “The Big River” Mid-Columbia Indians and Their Land, 1990, Seattle and London.

Irving, Washington, Astoria, Vol. 1 & II,  Philadelphia andNew York, 1836.

Jennings, John, River to the West, Garden City, N.Y, 1948.

Jermunson, Don, Blackfeet and Glacier Park, The Rest of the Story, Kalispell, Montana, 2009.

Jewitt, John Rodgers, White Slaves of the Nootka, 1815,Surrey, B.C. 1987.

Jones, Robert F., (editor) Annals of Astoria, The Headquarters Log of the Pacific Fur Company on the Columbia River, ̌1811 – 1813, New York, 1999.

Jones, Robert F., (editor) Astorian Adventure, the Journal of Alfred Seton 1811-1815, 1993, New York.

Kaplan, Justin, When the Astors Owned New York, Blue Bloods and Grand Hotels in a Gilded Age, New York, 2007.

Kavaler, Lucy, The Astors, A Family Chronicle of Pomp and Power, 1966,New York.

Kemp, Peter, The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea,OxfordUniversity, 1976.

Kinder, Gary, Ship of Gold in the Deep Blue Sea,  1999, New York.

Laxton, Edward, The Famine Ships, The Irish Exodus to America 1846-51,New York, 1996.

Laymon, William D. Native River, The Columbia Remembered, Pullman, 2002.

Layman, William D. River of Memory, the Everlasting Columbia,Seattle,Wash.; Vancouver, B.C., 2006.

Little, C.H., 18th Century Maritime Influences on the History and Place Names of British Columbia.Madrid, Spain, 1991.

Lubbock, Basil, The Western Ocean Packets,Boston, 1925.

Lyman, William Denison, The Columbia River, Its History, Its Myths, Its Scenery, Its Commerce, 1917,New York andLondon.

McCartney, Laton, Across the Great Divide, Robert Stuart and the Discovery of the Oregon Trail, 2003 Gloucestershire, U.K.

McKay, Allis, They Came to a River, New York, 1941.

Millar, John F. American Ships of the Colonial and Revolutionary Periods,New York, 1978.

Mills, Randall V., Sternwheelers up Columbia, 1947,Palo Alto,Calif.

Mitchell, R. J. and Leys, M.D.R. A History of the English People, 1950,London.

McCulloch, J. R., A Dictionary of Commerce and Commercial Navigation, 1894, London.

McCutcheon, Marc, The Writer’s Guide to Everyday Life in the 1800s, 1993, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Moulton, Candy, Everyday Life Among the American Indians 1800 to 1900, Cincinnati, 2001.

Newton, Michael, Armed and Dangerous, A Writer’s Guide to Weapons,Cincinnati, 1990.

Nisbet, Jack, Visible Bones: Journeys Across Time in the Columbia River Country, 2003, Seattle, Wash.

Parry, J. H., Romance of the Sea,Washington, 1981.

Pethick, Derek, The Nootka Connection, Europe and the Northwest Coast 1790 – 1795, Vancouver, 1980.

Provincial Archives, Our Native Peoples Series 1, British Columbia Heritage Series, Victoria, B.C. 1952.

Pryce, Paula, Keeping the Lakes’ Way, Reburial and Re-creation of the Moral World among and Invisible People, Toronto, 1999.

Ratigan, William, The Adventures of Captain McCargo, New York, 1956.

Robinson, John and Dow, George Francis, The Sailing Ships of New England, Westminster, 1953.

Roe, JoAnn, The Columbia River, A Historical Travel Guide, Golden, Colorado, 1992.

Ronan, Peter, Historical Sketch of the Flathead Indian Nation, Minneapolis, 1890.

Ross, Alexander, Adventures of the First Settlers on the Columbia, London, 1849.

Ruby, Robert H. and Brown, John A., A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest, 1992.

Scheuerman, Richard D. and Finley, Michael O., Finding Chief Kamiakin, the Life and Legacy of a Northwest Patriot, Pullman, 2008.

Scofield, John, Hail Columbia, Robert Gray, John Kendrick and the Pacific Fur Trade, Oregon Historical Society, 1993.

Shearar, Cheryl, Understanding Northwest Coast Art, a Guide to Crests, Beings and Symbols,Vancouver, 2000.

Society of Merchants, Shipowners and Underwriters, The Register of Shipping for 1811, London, 1811.

Smith, Arthur D. Howden, John Jacob Astor, 1929,Philadelphia and London.

Teit, James A. and Boaz, Franz, The Salishan Tribes of the Western Plateus, (facsimile) Seattle, 1973.

Thompson, David, Columbia Journals, edited by Barbara Belyea,Montreal, 1995.

Tomkins, William, Indian Sign Language, New York, 1969.

Uden, Grant and Cooper, Richard, A Dictionary of British Ships and Seaman, New York, 1980.

Villiers, Alan, The Way of a Ship, New York, 1953.

Watters, Reginald Eyre, British Columbia: A Centennial Anthology, 1958,Vancouver, B.C.

Wheeler, Olin D., The Trail of Lewis and Clark 1804-1904, New York, 1904.

Wishart, David J. The Fur Trade of the American West 1807-1840, 1979, University of Nebraska Press, 1979.

Ziak, Rex, Lewis and Clark Down and Up the Columbia River, A unique fold-out guid mapping day-by-day Lewis and Clark`s journey from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean – and back, Astoria, Oregon, 2005.

Ziak, Rex, Eyewitness to Astoria, Gabriel Franchere, Astoria, Oregon, 2011.


 Astoria 1811-2011, An Adventure in History, Bicentennial Celebration Official Commemorative Program, Friends of Astoria Column, Astoria, 2011. 

The Century Magazine, The Fights of the Fur Companies, a Chapter of Adventure in the Louisiana Purchase, Laut, Agnes, C., Vol. LXVII, April 1904.

Columbia Magazine – Ronda, James P. The Education of an Empire: John Jacob Astor and the World of the Columbia, Fall 1997.

Cumtux, Wilson Price Hunt, Launer, Louis J., Clatsop County Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 2 Spring 1990.

Cumtux, Search for the Tonquin, Pt. 2, Gieseeke, E.W., Clatsop County Historical Society Vol. 10, No. 4, Fall 1990.

Cumtux, , Historic Astoria: Fort, Factory, Establishment, Post?, Gieseeke, E.W., Clatsop County Historical Society Vol. 22, No. 1 Winter 2002.

Cumtux, The Return of the Skull of Chief Comcomly, Penner, Liisa, Clatsop County Historical Society, Vol. 23, No. 1 Winter 2003.

Cumtux, Chief Comcomly: Last Leader of the Chinook Nation, Carlson, Catherine, Clatsop County Historical Society, Vol. 24, No. 4 Fall 2004.

The American Neptune, The South Carolina Frigate: A History of the U.S. Ship John Adams, Dunne, W.M.P Vol. 44, No. 4, Fall 1984.

Internet sources:

Exploration: the Fur Trade and the Hudson’s Bay Company

White Oak Society, White Oak Learning Centre and White Oak Fur Post, Deer River, MN. 56636 (218) 246-9393.

Tofino and Wickaninnish Inn


Spokane Outdoor Links: Columbia Magazine: Summer 2001; Volume 15, Number 2

Eddins, Ned O. Robert Stuart Discovery of South Pass and the Oregon Trail

Dictionary of Canadian Bibliography On-Line

Simpson, George; edited by Rich, E.E., Journal of Occurrences in the Athabasca Department; 1820 and 1821; Champlain Society for the Hudson Bay Record Society, 1938.
Internet source: Genealogy of John Clarke The Fur Trader, His Descendants and Related Families” (a work in progress) by Patricia Jo Bowers-Kern–1850.asp